Who Is Responsible if You Slip and Fall in a Parking Lot?

Who Is Responsible if You Slip and Fall in a Parking Lot?

When you’re injured in a slip-and-fall accident, the first question that often comes to mind is: Who is responsible? Most of the time, the answer isn’t as straightforward as one might think. This is a question experienced premises liability attorneys can help you with.

If you’ve been injured in a premises liability accident, it is essential to understand the various factors that may come into play when determining who is at fault. In this blog, we will explore premises liability law and discuss some key considerations that may come into play when determining premises liability in a slip-and-fall accident. We will also provide some tips on what you can do to avoid injuries.

Florida Premise Liability Law – The Basics

In Florida, premises liability law is governed by the state’s negligence statutes. To prove that a property owner is liable for your injuries, you must first show that the owner was negligent in their duty to maintain the property.

There are three main elements to premises liability: duty, breach, and causation.

Duty of Care

The first element of premises liability is duty of care. This is the legal obligation that property owners have to ensure that their property is safe for visitors.

To prove that the property owner owed you a duty of care, you must show that the owner knew or should have known about the dangerous condition on the property.

For example, if there was a puddle of water on the floor and the property owner did not take measures to clean it up or warn guests about it, they would likely be found liable for any injuries resulting from the puddle.

This duty of care extends to public and private property. It applies to invitees (people who are invited onto the property for business or other lawful purposes) and trespassers (people who enter the property without permission).

By understanding the duty of care, victims of accidents on another person’s property can better understand their legal options.

Breach of Duty

The second element of premises liability is breach of duty. A property owner has a duty to take reasonable care to protect visitors from foreseeable dangers. This duty is based on the relationship between the visitor and the property owner.

For example, the premise owner has a duty to take reasonable care to prevent shoppers from slipping and falling on wet floors.

A premise owner generally has a duty to take reasonable care to prevent trespassers from being injured on the property. They also have a duty to take proper care to keep common areas, such as parking lots, hallways, and stairwells, safe.

To prove that the property owner breached their duty of care, you must show that they did not take reasonable measures to fix the dangerous condition or warn guests about it.


The third and final element of premises liability is causation. For an injury to be compensable under premises liability law, causation must be established. The plaintiff must show that the defendant’s negligence caused the injury.

There are two types of causation: actual and proximate.

Actual causation

Actual causation, also known as “but for” causation, simply means that the injury would not have occurred but for the defendant’s negligence.

In other words, if the plaintiff can show that the injury would not have occurred but for the defendant’s negligence, then actual causation has been established.

Proximate causation

Proximate causation is a bit more complicated. It requires the plaintiff to show that the defendant’s negligence was a direct and foreseeable cause of the injury.

Whether or not proximate causation has been established is often a matter of considerable debate and can be difficult to prove. As such, it is important to consult with an experienced premises liability attorney who can help you navigate this complex area of law.

Key Considerations in Florida Premises Liability Cases

A few key considerations come into play when determining premises liability in Florida. First, it is important to understand that premises liability law varies from state to state. What may be considered negligence in one state may not be considered negligence in another.

It is also important to understand that the property owner’s duty of care will vary depending on the type of visitor you are. There are three types of visitors: invitees, licensees, and trespassers.

  • Invitees are guests who have been invited onto the property for the property owner’s benefit. For example, customers at a store would be considered invitees. The property owner owes the invitees the highest duty of care.
  • Licensees are guests permitted to be on the property, but not for the property owner’s benefit. For example, social guests at a party would be considered licensees. The property owner owes licensees a medium duty of care.
  • Trespassers are guests permitted to be on the property, but not for the property owner’s benefit. For example, someone who breaks into a home would be considered a trespasser. The property owner owes trespassers the lowest duty of care.

Determining whether you were an invitee, licensee, or trespasser is important because it will determine the level of care that the property owner owes you.

If you have been injured on someone else’s property, speak with an experienced Florida personal injury lawyer who can help you understand your rights and options. Premises liability cases can be complex, and it is important to have an experienced advocate on your side.

What to Do if You’re Injured in a Parking Lot

If you’re injured in a parking lot, the first thing you should do is seek medical attention. Even if your injuries seem minor, some extra caution won’t hurt. Get checked out by a doctor. Once you’ve been seen by a medical professional, you can start to gather evidence to support your premises liability claim.

If there are witnesses to your accident, be sure to get their contact information. Witnesses can provide valuable testimony to support your claim. You should also take pictures of the accident scene, if possible. Photos can help prove the parking lot’s condition and how it contributed to your accident.

You should also save any medical bills, documentation of lost wages, or other expenses related to your accident. This documentation will be important in calculating the damages you are entitled to.

Finally, contact a premises liability lawyer. A good attorney can help you investigate your accident, gather evidence, and build a strong case. Premises liability lawyers can also negotiate with insurance companies on your behalf and fight for the full amount of damages you are entitled to recover.

What to Expect During the Legal Process

Here’s a brief overview of what you can expect:

First, you’ll need to file a notice of claim with the property owner or their insurance company. This notice will include your contact information and a description of your injuries. Once the notice is received, the insurance company will investigate your claim and decide whether or not to offer you a settlement.

If a settlement is offered, you’ll have the option to accept or reject it. If you accept it, you’ll sign a release that waives your right to pursue further legal action. If you reject it, you’ll need to file a lawsuit against the property owner.

Once your lawsuit is filed, both sides will gather evidence and prepare for trial. If a settlement is not reached during this time, your case will go before a judge or jury, who will decide how much (if any) money you should receive.

Parking Lot Safety Tips

Here are some things you can do to reduce your chances of a parking lot slip and fall injury:

Wear Appropriate Shoes

Look for shoes with a good grip that will help you keep your footing, even on slippery surfaces. Avoid shoes with high heels or open-toed sandals, which make it easy to trip or lose your balance. And if you’re carrying any shopping bags or other items, be sure to distribute the weight evenly so that you don’t end up with an awkward load that throws off your balance.

Be Aware of Your Surroundings

One way to do this is to park in a well-lit area. This will help you see potential dangers and make it easier for others to see you. Look out for puddles, spills, ice, or other hazards.

Use Caution When Walking

When walking in a parking lot, it is important to be cautious. Many potential hazards, such as cars backing up or pulling out of spaces, can pose a danger to pedestrians.  Furthermore, the surface of a parking lot can be uneven and full of obstacles, such as potholes and loose gravel.

To stay safe, always be aware of your surroundings and watch for cars when walking in a parking lot. If possible, try to walk with someone else so that you can keep an eye on each other. And always follow the designated walkways to avoid potential hazards.

Hire an Experienced Florida Personal Injury Lawyer Today!

Have you slipped and fallen in a parking lot? Our Florida personal injury lawyers at Fetterman Law can help you determine who is responsible for your injuries and work to get you the compensation you deserve. Contact us today for a free consultation, and let us help you get started on your road to recovery.